Metaphor Literary & Poetic Device in Figure of Speech

Metaphors are a powerful tool in writing, often used to create vivid imagery and convey complex ideas in a simple, relatable way. At its core, a metaphor is a figure of speech that compares two things that are not literally alike, but share common characteristics. By using metaphor, writers can bring abstract concepts to life and engage their readers’ imaginations. From Shakespeare’s famous “All the world’s a stage” to Martin Luther King Jr.’s “I have a dream” speech, metaphors have been used throughout history to inspire, persuade, and entertain. In this article, we’ll explore the art of metaphor and how you can use it to enhance your writing.

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Metaphor Device – Meaning & Definition

What is a Metaphor? – Meaning & Definition

A metaphor is a figure of speech that describes something by saying it is something else, in order to create an analogy or comparison between the two things. It is a form of language that allows us to express abstract or complex ideas in a more concrete or familiar way.

For example: “life is a journey” is a metaphor that compares the experience of life to a journey, suggesting that both involve progress, obstacles, and discovery. Similarly, “her voice was music to my ears” is a metaphor that compares the sound of someone’s voice to the pleasing qualities of music.

For example: when someone says “life is a rollercoaster,” they are using a metaphor to compare the ups and downs of life to the twists and turns of a rollercoaster ride. This helps to create a vivid and relatable image in the reader’s mind.

Metaphors are often used in literature, poetry, and other forms of creative writing to add depth and richness to the language. They can also be used in everyday language to convey ideas and emotions in a more vivid and memorable way.

Examples of Metaphor

  1. “Life is a journey”: This metaphor suggests that life is a long and unpredictable journey, where we move from one stage to another, encountering various obstacles and opportunities along the way. The journey could be smooth or rough, and we must navigate through it, making the most of what comes our way.
  2. “Her voice was music to his ears”: This metaphor compares the beauty and pleasantness of a person’s voice to the sweetness of music. It implies that the speaker found the person’s voice extremely appealing and enjoyable to listen to.
  3. “The world is a stage”: This metaphor suggests that life is like a theatrical performance, where each person has a role to play. It implies that people are actors in their own lives, and they perform various roles as they interact with others on the world stage.
  4. “Time is a thief”: This metaphor suggests that time takes away everything that we hold dear. It implies that time is a constant force that steals away youth, beauty, health, and eventually life itself.
  5. “The sun was a golden coin in the sky”: This metaphor compares the brightness and shape of the sun to a golden coin. It implies that the speaker found the sun’s appearance beautiful and valuable, just like a precious coin.
  6. “He had a heart of stone”: This metaphor suggests that a person is unfeeling and cold-hearted. It implies that the person lacks compassion and empathy, and is unable to connect with others on an emotional level.
  7. “She was a ray of sunshine on a cloudy day”: This metaphor compares a person’s presence to the warmth and brightness of sunlight on a gloomy day. It implies that the person brought happiness, hope, and positivity to an otherwise dull or difficult situation.
  8. “Love is a rose, but you mustn’t pick it”: This metaphor compares love to a delicate and beautiful rose. It implies that love is precious and fragile, and should not be taken for granted or treated carelessly.
  9. “The wind was a howling wolf”: This metaphor compares the sound and force of the wind to the howl of a wolf. It implies that the wind was strong, wild, and unpredictable, just like a wolf in the wild.
  10. “She had a heart of gold”: This metaphor suggests that a person is kind-hearted, generous, and compassionate. It implies that the person has a pure and noble character, and is willing to help others in need.

Famous authors’ Examples of Metaphor

  1. William Shakespeare – “All the world’s a stage” (from As You Like It)
  2. Emily Bronte – “He’s more myself than I am. Whatever our souls are made of, his and mine are the same” (from Wuthering Heights)
  3. F. Scott Fitzgerald – “So we beat on, boats against the current, borne back ceaselessly into the past” (from The Great Gatsby)
  4. Langston Hughes – “Life is a broken-winged bird that cannot fly” (from “Dreams”)
  5. Maya Angelou – “I am a black ocean, leaping and wide” (from “Still I Rise”)

Difference Between Metaphor and Simile

Metaphors and similes are both figures of speech used to create comparisons between two things. The difference between them lies in the way they create these comparisons.

A metaphor directly equates one thing with another, without using “like” or “as.” For example, “Life is a journey” is a metaphor, which means that life is being compared to a journey without using “like” or “as.”

A simile, on the other hand, uses “like” or “as” to compare one thing with another. For example, “Her cheeks were like roses” is a simile, which means that the woman’s cheeks are being compared to roses using the word “like.”

To summarize:

Metaphor: Direct comparison between two things without using “like” or “as.” Example: “He is a shining star.”

Simile: Comparison between two things using “like” or “as.” Example: “Her eyes were as bright as the sun.”

Some examples to illustrate the Metaphor & Simile difference:

Example 1:

Metaphor: She is a shining star.

Explanation: This is a metaphor because it directly compares “she” to a “shining star” without using “like” or “as.”

Simile: She shines like a star.

Explanation: This is a simile because it uses “like” to compare “she” to a “star.”

Example 2:

Metaphor: His words were music to my ears.

Explanation: This is a metaphor because it directly compares “his words” to “music” without using “like” or “as.”

Simile: His words were like music to my ears.

Explanation: This is a simile because it uses “like” to compare “his words” to “music.”

Example 3:

Metaphor: Life is a journey.

Explanation: This is a metaphor because it directly compares “life” to a “journey” without using “like” or “as.”

Simile: Life is like a journey.

Explanation: This is a simile because it uses “like” to compare “life” to a “journey.”

In summary, metaphors and similes are both figures of speech used to make comparisons. The key difference is that metaphors make a direct comparison, while similes use “like” or “as” to make a comparison.

How to Identify Metaphor?

Here are some steps to identify a metaphor:

  1. Look for a direct comparison: Metaphors compare two things directly, without using “like” or “as.” Look for sentences that express a comparison between two things, such as “He is a shining star” or “Her heart is a rock.”
  2. Identify the literal meaning: Once you have identified the comparison, look for the literal meaning of the words. For example, in the sentence “He is a shining star,” the literal meaning of “shining star” is a celestial object that emits light.
  3. Look for the figurative meaning: The figurative meaning is what the metaphor is trying to convey. In the example sentence above, the figurative meaning is that “he” possesses qualities of a shining star, such as brightness, prominence, or excellence.
  4. Consider the context: The context of a sentence can also help you identify metaphors. Sometimes, a metaphorical comparison may not be obvious without considering the context of the sentence or the passage.
  5. Practice: The more you practice identifying metaphors, the easier it becomes. Read literature or poetry and look for instances of figurative language, including metaphors.

Metaphors are a popular literary device used in poetry and literature. They are a way to describe something by comparing it to something else. Here are some popular examples of metaphors in poetry and literature:

  1. “All the world’s a stage, And all the men and women merely players.” – William Shakespeare’s “As You Like It”. In this metaphor, Shakespeare compares life to a stage and people to actors. This metaphor suggests that life is like a play, with people playing different roles and performing for an audience.
  2. “Hope is the thing with feathers That perches in the soul” – Emily Dickinson’s “Hope is the thing with feathers”. In this metaphor, hope is compared to a bird with feathers that can take flight.
  3. “Life is a journey” – This is a common metaphor that compares life to a journey, with its ups and downs, twists and turns.
  4. “A heart of stone” – This metaphor is used to describe someone who is unfeeling or unemotional.
  5. “Love is a rose” – This metaphor compares love to a rose, with its beauty and its thorns.
  6. “She is a ray of sunshine” – This metaphor compares a person to a ray of sunshine, suggesting that they bring happiness and light to others.
  7. “Time is a thief” – This metaphor suggests that time takes things away, just as a thief would.
  8. “The world is a book, and those who do not travel read only one page.” – This metaphor suggests that travel opens up new experiences and perspectives, and that staying in one place limits one’s understanding of the world.
  9. “Life’s but a walking shadow, a poor player, That struts and frets his hour upon the stage, And then is heard no more.” – William Shakespeare’s “Macbeth”. In this metaphor, life is compared to a walking shadow and a player on a stage.
  10. “My love is a red, red rose” – Robert Burns’ “A Red, Red Rose”. In this metaphor, love is compared to a red rose, symbolizing its beauty and passion.
  11. “The moon was a ghostly galleon tossed upon cloudy seas.” – Alfred Noyes’ “The Highwayman”. In this metaphor, the moon is compared to a ghostly galleon, creating a vivid image of its appearance in the sky.
  12. “The fog comes on little cat feet” – Carl Sandburg’s “Fog”. In this metaphor, fog is compared to a cat, suggesting its quiet and creeping nature.
  13. “Her eyes were stars of the morning” – John Greenleaf Whittier’s “Maud Muller”. In this metaphor, the woman’s eyes are compared to stars, highlighting their beauty and brightness.
  14. “My heart is a lonely hunter that hunts on a lonely hill” – Carson McCullers’ “The Heart Is a Lonely Hunter”. In this metaphor, the heart is compared to a hunter, emphasizing its longing and search for connection.
  15. “He is a snake in the grass” – This metaphor is used to describe someone who is deceitful or treacherous.

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