Parliament and the making of Laws Question & Answers Class 8 Civics Chap 3: Click here for other chapters of class 9 Civics.
NCERT Textbook Question & Answers
Q.1. Why do you think our national movement supported the idea that all adults have a right to vote?
Ans. The national movement in India supported the idea that all adults have the right to vote for several reasons:
- Inclusivity: The national movement aimed at achieving independence and establishing a democratic nation. To fulfil the principles of democracy, it was essential to include all adults in the decision-making process.
- Representation: The movement represented a diverse range of people from various backgrounds and communities. Ensuring the right to vote for all adults was a way to ensure fair representation of these diverse voices in the government.
- Equality: The movement was driven by ideals of freedom and equality. Granting the right to vote to all adults aligned with the principle of equality, irrespective of caste, creed, gender, or socioeconomic status.
- Participation: The national movement emphasized active participation of the masses in shaping the future of the country. Giving all adults the right to vote encouraged their active involvement in the democratic process.
Q.2. In this 2004 map of Parliamentary constituencies alongside, roughly identify the constituencies in your State. What is the name of the MP from your constituency? How many MPs does your state have? Why are certain constituencies coloured green while others are coloured blue?
Ans. The answer given here is updated for the Year 2019 Elections. My state is Uttar Pradesh & Parliamentary Constituency is Pratapgarh.
The MP from my constituency – Mr. Sangam Lal Gupta
Number of MPs – 80
Certain constituencies are coloured green while others are coloured blue because they are reserved constituencies for ST and SC respectively.
Q.3. You have read in Chapter 1 that the ‘Parliamentary form of government’ that exists in India has three tiers. This includes the Parliament (central government) and the various State Legislatures (state governments). Fill in the following table with information on the various representatives from your area:
Q.4. Re-read the storyboard on how a new law on domestic violence got passed. Describe in your own words the different ways in which women’s groups worked to make this happen.
Ans. As reports of domestic violence victims increased, there arose a growing demand for a new law.
- Various platforms began addressing the issue of domestic violence.
- The Lawyer Collective, consisting of lawyers, law students, and activists, took the initiative to draft the Domestic Violence (Prevention and Protection) Bill following extensive nationwide consultations.
- This draft received widespread circulation.
- In 2002, the Bill was formally introduced in the Parliament.
- However, it faced opposition from women’s groups.
- In response, a press conference was convened, and a decision was made to launch an online petition.
- Multiple women’s organizations, including the National Commission for Women, submitted their recommendations to the Parliamentary Standing Committee.
- In December 2002, the Parliamentary Standing Committee submitted its suggestions to the Rajya Sabha, which were also presented in the Lok Sabha.
- The Committee’s report largely incorporated the demands of the women’s group.
- Subsequently, a new bill was introduced in the Parliament.
- Following approval in both Houses of the Parliament, it was forwarded to the President for consent.
- The Protection of Women from Domestic Violence Act was enacted in 2006, becoming effective.